Birth control: fact and fiction

Erika E. Perez's picture

dynamic, Erica E. Perez, Issue 22, Features - By Erika E. Perez on Thursday, March 17, 2011 - 02:42

A female visits the doctor only to wait and then find out that she is pregnant. “But I take birth control every day,” she says. With further questioning, the doctor makes the connection between the unexpected pregnancy and the joint consumption of birth control pills with antibiotics.

As students consider birth control options, there are precautions like this that they need to be aware of, in addition to researching dangers and rumors about the methods.

“If you are taking antibiotics, they will greatly reduce the effectiveness of your birth control, so make sure you have a back-up plan,” Assistant Professor of Psychology Christina Scott, who teaches Human Sexuality said. “I have seen so many women that do not know this.”

Types of birth control available include hormone-based methods whereby hormones are released to the body via pills, vaginal ring, patch, injection or intrauterine device (IUD); barrier and spermicide methods, such as male and female condoms, spermicides, diaphragm, cervical cap and sponge; non-hormonal IUD, where copper is used for its toxicity to sperm; tube sterilization and vasectomy.

The effectiveness, side effects, and risks for each method of birth control vary and were discussed by Scott in an interview and in Second-year Resident at the Student Health and Wellness Center Rebecca Sapien’s presentation on birth control options on Tuesday, March 15.

Side effects associated with birth control pills are dizziness, upset stomach, changes in menstruation, mood changes, increase in blood pressure and weight gain. More serious risks include blood clots, heart attacks and stroke.

However, recent research published in The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism suggests that progestogen-only pills are not linked to heart attacks while there may be a higher risk for combined birth control pills with progestogen and estrogen.

Although possible side effects are undesirable, Scott encourages females to do their own research because everyone’s body is different.

“You want the lowest amount of hormones possible that is still effective,” Scott said as a starting point to choosing the right hormone-based method. “Ask your mom if she used the pill.  You want to talk to your doctor before you choose, they will do a pap smear and pelvic exam to test for cervical cancer and [make sure] that your body is healthy and able to handle it.”

“I used to think about the side effects but not anymore because they don’t happen to me,” junior Melissa Lam said.

In her lecture, Sapien stressed that only male condoms have been proven to help prevent sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). She also brought up the importance of knowing one’s family history, for example asking about certain cancers, since the combined pill may have a higher risk of breast cancer.

“If it’s an estrogen receptor type cancer, you wouldn’t want to put the patient on estrogen pills,” Sapien said.

In addition, she informed the audience that the risk of having blood clots, heart attacks and stroke are low unless the user is over 35 and/or a smoker.

“I knew some of the basic stuff because I’ve had the sex education, but I didn’t know all the different effects of all of them,” first-year Claribel Solorio said after the presentation. “It sounds kind of scary, but then again the chances that you’ll get it are low but some of the side effects are worrisome because blood clots are serious.”

Anonymous's picture
Submitted by Anonymous on Fri, 2011-03-25 10:05.

Although not 100% successful, these antidotes can often prevent the cyanide from further poisoning the victim.
phentermine hydrochloride a 167 phentermine gen. adipex 37.5mg 90 tabs cash on delivery phentermine purchase phentermine prescription cheap phentermine with out phentermine anesthesia phentermine quick fda approved medications discount phentermine doctor online pharmacies phentermine 37.5mg purchase no rx phentermine online yahoo guy phentermine does phentermine raise blood pressure which is afer phentermine or bontril prescritpion phentermine no rx phentermine ship fast phentermine eastern carolina phentermine at cms history search order phentermine phentermine for shift workers adipex phentermine vs diet ephedrine phentermine
Echocardiograms and ultrasounds can be used to assess heart function including valve anatomy, ejection fraction, and function of the contraction of the atrium and ventricle walls.
taking tramadol hydrochloride tramadol coumadin tramadol 50mg drug information vicodin vs tramadol cheap soma tramadol tramadol for dogs with cancer withdrawal symptoms in canines on tramadol tramadol bedroom online normal dose of tramadol in dogs tramadol and vision problems images of tramadol tramadol belonging information ultram sniffing tramadol tramadol bladder what does tramadol hcl do what is tramadol apap tramadol message board buy cheapest tramadol tramadol and tinnitus tramadol hydrochloride for dogs
It may be given before or after the other therapies.
order adipex no prescripyion adipex retard 15mg what are the ingredients in adipex is phentermine adipex adipex phentermine pill online adipex no prescription tabletky na chudnutie adipex adipex sale overnight shipping
IN THIS ARTICLEUrologic Dysfunction After Menopause OverviewUrologic Dysfunction After Menopause CausesUrologic Dysfunction After Menopause SymptomsWhen to Seek Medical CareQuestions to Ask the DoctorExams and TestsTreatmentSelf-Care at HomeMedical TreatmentMedicationsSurgeryOther TherapyNext StepsFollow-upPreventionOutlookSupport Groups and CounselingFor More InformationWeb LinksMultimediaSynonyms and KeywordsAuthors and EditorsPictures of Menopause and Perimenopause - Slideshow Medical TreatmentUrinary tract infectionsBoth simple and complicated urinary tract infections are typically treated with antibiotics as an outpatient treatment.
cheap viagra 100 free viagra powered by vbulletin viagra what does it do tania viagra same drug as viagra viagra viagra drug interaction viagra us customs viagra with prescription
The use of barbiturates carries with it an associated risk of psychological and/or physical dependence.
cialis webmd cialis order online cialis malaysia cialis disclaimer camp d'escalade sp cialis levitra viagra v cialis cialis nausea back cialis guarantee money generic cialis pills drug cialis and levitra viagra online brand canadian pharmacy for cialis cialis india cheap order
A partial or total tear of the meniscus may occur when a person quickly twists or rotates the upper leg while the foot stays planted (for example, when dribbling a basketball and pivoting or turning to hit a tennis ball).
ibm soma fioricet online buy soma cheap discount
As this plaque grows, it narrows the lumen of the artery (the space in the artery tubes), thereby reducing both the oxygen and blood supply to the affected organ (like the heart, eyes, kidney, legs, gut, or the brain).
xanax achoal help use info inject xanax what xanax look like xanax mexican pharmacy mixing ecstasy and xanax lexipro versus xanax physciological effects of xanax xanax 258 ativan buy mexican xanax klonopin fatigue vs xanax fatigue does xanax help with flying no presciption xanax
Key lessons include ensuring adequate communication with the public, producing a rapid but measured response to potential threats, and ensuring that any new strain fulfills criteria to cause a pandemic before large-scale vaccination is undertaken.
genuine valium online valium pain valium expiration clonazepam vs valium injecting valium 10 how to inject valium
Adverse reactions to isosorbide dinitrate are generally dose-related, and almost all of these reactions are the result of isosorbide dinitrate's activity as a vasodilator.